What are ureteral stones?
The presence of stones in the ureter is a variant of urolithiasis. This condition can develop in both newborns and the elderly. The age difference can only lie in the structure of the calculus itself. So, in the older age group, uric acid stones predominate, and in the young, protein stones.
The process of stone formation is often unilateral, but bilateral localization of stones in the ureters can also occur.
Urinary calculi usually form in the renal pelvis. They enter the ureter again with the blood flow. The migration of stones through the urinary tract is often accompanied by a pronounced attack of pain, which is called renal colic. Pain sensations can be localized in the lumbar and groin areas, as well as in the lateral parts of the abdomen.
Treatment can be carried out conservatively or with the use of surgical methods.
As long as the stone does not completely block the lumen of the ureter, there are no symptoms. Often, the disease first appears with renal colic. This is an acutely developing attack of intense pain in the lumbar region. The main hallmarks of pain syndrome are:
• The presence of provocateurs - cycling or horse riding, intense physical activity, excessive fluid intake;
• Localization - not only the lower back hurts, but also the lower abdomen, groin and external parts of the genitals;
• Position - changing the posture does not bring relief (a person is forced to constantly look for a comfortable position, but never finds it);
• Concomitant symptoms - pain is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, constant urge to urinate, cramps when urine is excreted, blood in the urine.
The main mechanism of calculus formation is a disturbed metabolism, especially with a change in the water-electrolyte and chemical composition of the blood. Risk factors are:
• Complicated heredity (the presence of urolithiasis in the next of kin);
• Features of nutrition (adherence to spicy, sour and salty, which increases the acidity of urine);
• Chemical properties of drinking water (increased hardness and increased salt content);
• Hypodynamic lifestyle;
• Deficiency in the body of retinol and tocopherol;
• Taking a number of pharmaceuticals (sulfonamides, excessive use of vitamin C);
• A period of prolonged immobilization after injuries;
• Diseases of the urinary system;
• Endocrine disorders (dysfunction of the parathyroid glands).
In addition, there are also secondary factors in the formation of calculi, which are associated with a violation of the passage of urine. Against this background, dissolved salts begin to crystallize and precipitate.
You can safely begin treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!