Vascular and heart disease is the most common cause of death. Among these pathologies, one of the first lines is myocardial infarction. Despite the fact that the disease is well studied, and doctors in general are able to cope with it, the main difficulty lies in the rapid development of irreversible damage to the heart muscle. The account, as a rule, goes not even for hours, but for minutes from the appearance of the first signs of myocardial infarction. Therefore, everyone should know the features of this condition and imagine how to behave during an attack.
Myocardial infarction has quite characteristic symptoms that make it possible to predict it with a high degree of probability even in the pre-infarction period of the development of the disease. The patient's condition is characterized by more prolonged and intense chest pains, which are worse amenable to elimination with nitroglycerin. Sweating, shortness of breath, various arrhythmias, or nausea may appear. Also, patients with great difficulty can withstand even small physical exertion.
The treatment process includes several stages, each of which takes place in special conditions.
Prehospital. The ambulance team performs primary resuscitation actions and delivers the patient to the hospital.
Hospital. Doctors of the specialized department of vascular surgery carry out direct treatment of myocardial infarction in the most acute and acute stages of the disease.
Rehabilitation. In a special department of a hospital or cardiosanatorium, the patient undergoes rehabilitation after myocardial infarction, which allows the maximum restoration of body functions under the supervision of doctors.
Outpatient. In the post-infarction period, the patient returns to normal life, periodically visiting a specialist at the clinic at the place of residence.
Treatment of myocardial infarction in a hospital solves three main tasks.
The first is the relief of pain arising from necrosis of muscle tissue.
The second is the limitation of the necrosis zone by the introduction of anticoagulant drugs and thrombolytics.
The third is to prevent the development of severe complications (acute heart failure, arrhythmias, etc.) with the help of special drugs.
In case of untimely provision of medical care or when trying to treat myocardial infarction at home with so-called folk remedies, the risk of complications increases significantly and even death becomes possible.
You can safely begin treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!