An inguinal hernia is an expansion of the inguinal canal, as a result of which the internal organs partially protrude outside the abdominal cavity. The inguinal canal is a slit-like space (normally 4-4.5 cm long) located between the muscles, fascia and ligaments of the groin.
This disease occurs in men approximately 6 times more often than in women. Among the hernias of the abdominal wall, the inguinal are the most common.
Inguinal hernia symptoms
- protrusion in the groin area. In most cases, a visually noticeable swelling appears in the groin or scrotum, which is painless at first. Its shape can be round or oval;
- reduction of the hernia in a horizontal position. The protrusion is most noticeable in the standing position. When a person is lying down, the protrusion is adjusted easily, and at the same time a characteristic sound (rumbling) is heard;
- an increase in half of the scrotum. This is a characteristic manifestation of an inguinal-scrotal hernia;
- an increase in the labia majora (left or right) in girls. Painless at first;
Inguinal hernia diagnosis methods:
- Ultrasound of the inguinal canals and scrotum. Allows you to assess the position, content and size of the hernial sac, the condition of the inguinal canal. The screen clearly shows the inguinal canal, hernial sac and its contents, spermatic cords, testicles;
- Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity. Allows you to assess which of the internal organs or which part of the intestine fell into the hernial sac;
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs. Allows you to assess the displacement in the hernial sac of the ovaries and fallopian tubes in women;
- Herniography. This is a contrast-enhanced radiological examination method. It is prescribed if the patient complains of pain in the hip joint or groin, but there are no other symptoms of an inguinal hernia, and the diagnosis is not confirmed by other methods;
- Irrigoscopy. This is a contrast-enhanced X-ray examination of the intestines. It is prescribed if there is a danger that part of the large intestine has fallen into the hernial sac;
- Cystography. This is a contrast-enhanced x-ray of the bladder. It is prescribed if part of the bladder has fallen into the hernial sac;
- CT scan of internal organs (computed tomography);
- surgical examination.
Inguinal hernia treatment
Currently, the only effective method of treating an inguinal hernia is surgery. Today it is carried out at any age. Of the conservative methods, wearing a bandage is used to get rid of this problem. But it is extremely rare and only if there are contraindications to the operation: Operations are prescribed by the surgeon in a planned manner: examination, diagnosis, examination.
- pregnancy;severe exhaustion;
- advanced age of the patient;
- severe concomitant diseases;
- to prevent recurrence after inguinal hernia surgery;
- for prophylaxis during high physical exertion (for example, in weightlifters).
You can safely start the treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!