A femoral hernia is a condition in which part or an entire abdominal organ protrudes outward through the femoral canal. The surgeon is engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of such a pathology.
Symptoms In the early stages of the disease, patients mainly complain of the appearance of an elastic tubercle in the thigh area. A characteristic feature is the change in the size of the protrusion depending on the position of the body. When walking and during exercise, the bulge increases. At the same time, the patient may experience discomfort or painful sensations that arise due to tissue overstretching due to increased intra-abdominal pressure.
When complications occur, the following manifestations may appear:
1. pronounced painful sensations;
2. redness of the protrusion, edema, increased local body temperature;
3. nausea, vomiting;
4. the appearance of blood in the stool, the absence of defecation and gas discharge.
When these signs appear, the hernia no longer shrinks back and is called irreducible. This situation requires the fastest delivery of the patient to the surgical department for surgical intervention.
Diagnosis Identifying femoral hernias is a relatively straightforward task for a trained surgeon. The doctor, during a conversation with the patient, assesses the complaints, collects an anamnesis of the disease. Then the doctor examines the pathological area. If an elastic neoplasm is detected, he may try to straighten it with his hands. With a successful attempt, it becomes possible to evaluate the hernial orifice, which is a defect in the musculo-aponeurotic layer of the patient's abdominal wall.
In 85% of cases, based on such a simple diagnosis, the surgeon can establish the correct diagnosis. To confirm it and assess the general condition of the body, the following additional examinations are prescribed:
1. General analysis of blood and urine, biochemical analysis of blood. Allow to exclude the inflammatory process and identify concomitant pathology.
2. ECG, chest x-ray. These tests are needed to assess the function of the lungs and heart before the upcoming surgery.
3. Ultrasound of the pathological zone and abdominal cavity. Using this method, the doctor assesses the size of the hernia, identifies the concomitant pathology of the internal organs.
4. X-ray computed tomography (RKT). The procedure is prescribed for patients with severe obesity and persistent recurrence of hernias during treatment.
5. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Indicated in difficult diagnostic cases.
Based on the information received, the surgeon develops an individual treatment and rehabilitation plan for a specific patient
Methods of treatment Femoral hernia is a surgical pathology that does not respond to drug treatment. The best results are provided by modern minimally invasive surgical interventions.
1. Conservative treatment
2. Surgical treatment
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!