Cardiac asthma is a condition of acute failure of the left part of the heart, which is characterized by attacks of shortness of breath, suffocation and requires emergency medical care, since even precursors of asthma can be fatal. Insufficiency is expressed in the feeling of a lack of oxygen, in connection with which a person begins to cough, wheeze, his face becomes cyanotic, diastolic pressure increases, and fear of death appears. The attack requires the use of urgent measures to help the patient with taking nitroglycerin, diuretics, oxygen therapy and other urgent actions.
In case of an emergency, you need to call an ambulance. When the team arrives, the patient should be seated by the window, providing air flow. Emergency care for cardiac asthma includes the application of tourniquets to the limbs, 10 minutes after the patient has taken a sitting position. When providing emergency care for cardiac asthma, it is important to control blood pressure in sick. If it is normal or increased, then a tablet of nitroglycerin or nifedipine is given under the patient's tongue.
Since cardiac asthma is a secondary disease, the course of treatment should be aimed at eliminating the underlying ailment. The doctor determines the proper mode of activity for the patient. Diet and level of permissible physical activity are prescribed.
Depending on the causes of the attack of coughing and choking, various drugs are used, administered in the form of injections. With severe shortness of breath, pain, signs of pulmonary edema, narcotic analgesics are used, including morphine (1%). Oxygen inhalation and intravenous injections of ethyl alcohol also have a good effect. Diuretics are prescribed intravenously (furosemide 2-8 ml.). It is advisable to use preparations of cardiac glycosides. They are especially effective in the presence of tachycardia.
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