Myocardial infarction is an acute condition, a clinical form of ischemic heart disease, characterized by the cessation of blood delivery to any part of the heart. When the blood supply is interrupted for 15-20 minutes or more, the “starving” part of the heart dies off. This area of death (necrosis) of the heart is called myocardial infarction. At this time, a person feels an acute unbearable pain behind the breastbone, which does not go away even after taking several nitroglycerin tablets in a row.
- severe and prolonged chest pain;
- difficulty breathing;
- painful sensations in the abdomen;
- loss of consciousness.
Myocardial infarction has quite characteristic symptoms that make it possible to predict it with a high degree of probability even in the pre-infarction period of the development of the disease. The patient's condition is characterized by more prolonged and intense chest pains, which are worse amenable to elimination with nitroglycerin. Sweating, shortness of breath, various arrhythmias, or nausea may appear. Also, patients with great difficulty can withstand even small physical exertion.
Qualified care for myocardial infarction is divided into two types:
- assistance at the prehospital stage;
- inpatient treatment.
Help at the prehospital stage consists in the fastest possible renewal and support of blood circulation in the affected area of the myocardium. Human life and health very much depends on the competent assistance provided at this stage. In case of myocardial infarction, immediate admission to the cardiac intensive care unit is indicated.
In the hospital, angioplasty of the vessel is performed, during which a stent is placed in the artery.
A patient with myocardial infarction is admitted to the intensive care unit, and, if necessary, to the intensive care unit, where, using special devices, specialists can constantly monitor his condition. At the hospital stage, support of the main functions of the body continues, the prevention and fight against thrombus formation, heart rhythm disturbances and other complications in the intensive care units of the hospital.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!