Endometriosis is a chronic, progressive, recurrent and hormone-dependent disease in which benign proliferation of tissue occurs outside the uterine cavity, similar in morphological and functional properties to the endometrium. In other words, cells that must be located and function inside the uterus migrate to other organs and tissues, while continuing to perform their functions.
Endometriosis is a common condition that affects approximately 10-15% of women of reproductive age. Defined as implantation of endometrial tissue (glands and base stroma) outside the uterus, outside the uterus, and associated with pain during menstruation, chronic pelvic pain, bleeding, infertility, and more. It is possible to identify foci of endometriosis in women with such symptoms in the pelvic organs such as the peritoneum, ovaries, Douglas space, and uterosacral ligaments.
Symptoms and causes of the disease We will consider one of the types of disease - postoperative scar endometriosis. Already from the name it is clear that this type of endometriosis develops after an operation, namely a cesarean section. During the operation, the endometrial cells enter the surgical wound and under certain conditions continue to function there. Symptoms of the disease usually appear no earlier than 6-12 months after surgery, after the restoration of the menstrual cycle. Sometimes this period lasts long enough and women go to the doctor even after a few years.
The symptoms of the disease are cyclical. During or before menstruation, local pain appears in the area of the postoperative scar, which becomes more intense with each cycle. After a while, patients find a seal in the scar area, which also becomes larger with each cycle. This usually becomes the reason for going to the doctor.
Treatment Treatment of postoperative scar endometriosis is only surgical. Complete excision of the lesion within healthy tissues is required. But even this cannot 100% guarantee the absence of a relapse of the disease. In some cases, hormone therapy is prescribed before and after surgery, which is necessary to reduce the lesion and reduce the risk of recurrence. For small superficial lesions, the operation can be performed under local anesthesia on an outpatient basis and includes only excision of endometriosis. With large and multiple foci located in the thickness of the muscles, it is necessary to perform a more voluminous intervention, which includes not only excision of the foci of endometriosis, but also plastic surgery of the abdominal wall (mini-abdominoplasty, abdominoplasty).
You can safely begin treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health.