Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive examination of the uterine cavity using a special device - a hysteroscope.
What is hysteroscopy for?
Hysteroscopy is performed for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, when it is required to assess the condition of the uterine cavity.
Hysteroscopy is done through a natural opening and canal in the cervix, so no additional incisions or punctures are made for the woman. Through the opening in the cervix - the external pharynx - and further into the canal leading to the uterine cavity, a special metal rigid or flexible (then this is fibrohysteroscopy) tube with an optical system and a working channel through which additional instruments are inserted. The tube connects to a high-definition video camera, providing a detailed and enlarged image on the monitor
Unexplained pain that is not relieved by pain relievers.
Increased flow, which is dirty and unpleasant.
The indications for a diagnostic procedure are:
Suspicion of internal endometriosis of the uterine body, submucous node of fibroids, synechiae (adhesion) in the uterine cavity, remnants of the ovum, cervical and endometrial cancer, endometrial pathology, perforation of the uterine walls during abortion or diagnostic curettage
Suspected malformation of the uterus
Violation of the menstrual cycle in women of childbearing age
Abnormalities in the development of the uterus
Control study of the uterine cavity after surgery on the uterus, with miscarriage, after hormonal treatment
abandon intimacy for the next 7-21 days (the period of abstinence depends on the operation and is discussed with the attending physician);
exclude sports and weight lifting more than 5 kg for a period of 7 to 30 days (the duration also depends on the type of operation)
refuse to visit the sauna, bathhouse, pool and swimming in open water for a period of 7 to 30 days, depending on the type of operation.
The most common side effects of the procedure are bleeding and mild pain, as mentioned above. Small holes in the uterus from a hysteroscope are very rare. If this happens, you must stay in the hospital overnight. It is also possible, although not common, to have an infection of the uterus as a result of hysteroscopy.
Recently transferred or existing at the time of the study, the inflammatory process of the genital organs
Profuse uterine bleeding
Advanced cervical cancer
General infectious diseases in the acute stage (influenza, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, thrombophlebitis)
Severe condition of the patient with diseases of the cardiovascular system, liver, kidneys