Hernia of the anterior abdominal wall
A hernia is a protrusion of an organ or part of it from the abdominal cavity under the skin through a natural opening (umbilical ring, inguinal or femoral canal), or through a defect in the abdominal wall resulting from an injury or previous operation.
Hernias are one of the most common surgical conditions. Hernia patients make up the majority in any elective surgery department. In Russia, more than 500 thousand operations on this matter are performed annually, in the United States about 700 thousand, and in Europe more than a million. The most common are inguinal hernias.
- The presence of a bulge in the groin or umbilical region, along the midline of the abdomen or in the area of the postoperative scar, which patients can independently detect (in the supine position, the bulge can completely disappear);
- Drawing pains in the lower abdomen, in the navel of varying intensity, especially with physical exertion;
- Abdominal pain, bloating, constipation associated with the presence of an adhesive process inside the hernial sac in large incisional hernias.
The causes of hernia
- Weakening of the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall;
- Congenital weakness of the connective tissue and conditions accompanied by an increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity (chronic lung diseases, digestive disorders, flatulence, bloating, constipation, cancer).
The presence of a hernia in a person significantly reduces the quality of life and his ability to work. However, the need to eliminate a hernia is primarily dictated by the risk of possible complications.
The most dangerous complication is hernia infringement. In this case, any organ of the abdominal cavity (most often the intestinal loops) gets into the hernial sac, which cannot be adjusted back. The blood supply to the restrained organ is disrupted and it begins to die (necrotic).
Treatment of the anterior abdominal wall
The only method of treatment is surgery. The operation is aimed at eliminating the hernia, and closing the "weak" spot in the abdominal wall - hernioplasty.
Two methods of surgical intervention are used:
- The traditional "open" method (incision over the hernia), while the defect is closed with its own tissues or a special mesh, the so-called "tension-free" type of plasty.
Laparoscopic method - closing the defect with a special mesh through small incisions in the abdominal wall.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!