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Allergic Rhinitis Treatment

Allergic rhinitis (hay fever) is called inflammation of the nasal mucosa, which occurs under the influence of allergens. It was first described by John Bostock in 1819. This English doctor suggested that the cause of the disease is somehow related to hay, since the symptoms of the disease arose when the patient came into contact with him.

Causes of Allergic Rhinitis

What exactly causes allergic rhinitis, was established by another English doctor, David Blackley, 54 years after the description of the disease. He proved that the cause is the pollen of some plants. The list of such plants includes trees (poplar, alder, maple, etc.), cereals (oats, barley, wheat, etc.), weeds (wormwood, ragweed, etc.), mushrooms (their spores are an allergen). It turned out that this disease can also cause ordinary house dust. Moreover, in some patients, an allergic reaction occurs to several types of pollen or house dust.

Not all people suffer from allergic rhinitis. Doctors note a genetic predisposition to this disease. Other factors (poor environmental conditions, removal of tonsils) only provoke attacks, but are not the cause. In genetically predisposed people, allergies can occur on almost any substance.

Allergic Rhinitis Treatment

Therapy for allergic rhinitis is based on two main principles:

1. Termination of contact with the allergen.

2. The use of drugs that block the development of an allergic reaction. To stop contact of the allergen with the mucous membrane, the nasal cavity is washed with special solutions (saline, Aqua Maris, etc.)

The use of correctly selected drugs gives a quick and lasting effect. Medicines that are used in this case are divided into several groups:

1. Local vasoconstrictors. These are solutions for instillation into the nose (naphthyzine, galazolin, sanorin, etc.). These medicines are used for first aid, because they relieve swelling of the mucosa and restore nasal breathing in a few seconds. However, their effect is short-lived.

2. Antihistamines. These substances block the action of free histamine, which triggers an immediate reaction. They act slower than vasoconstrictor drugs, but longer.

Local glucocorticosteroid drugs. They are used if the drugs of the two previous groups are not effective enough.
The choice of drugs and the course of treatment is determined by the allergist, who will select the most effective treatment regimen for each patient.

You can safely begin the treatment that we carry out as quickly and effectively as possible in Tashkent. Gatling Med Clinic will make you be confident in yourself and in your health!