Urolithiasis is a fairly widespread disease, however, it is difficult to calculate the exact number of patients
A stone (concretion) is a solid mass formed by crystals of urine in the urinary tract. Stones can be found in the kidneys or ureters, as well as in the bladder.
Concretions can independently depart through the urinary tract without causing any discomfort, however, the development of renal colic is accompanied by significant pain.
Today, due to changes in diet and lifestyle, urolithiasis is becoming more common.
Kidney stones appear due to violations of mineral metabolism, stagnant processes and shifts in the acidity of the urine. With the development of pathology in the kidneys, sand first appears, which is transformed into dense concretions. Natural peristalsis of the urinary tract causes the stone to enter the ureter. The concretion moves through the organs of the urinary system, injuring the epithelium. The stone can get stuck in places of physiological narrowing, partially or completely blocking the outflow of urine. The following symptoms occur:
The stone can injure the ureter and provoke dysfunction of the kidneys, cause renal colic and a pain shock. Sometimes there is a spontaneous removal of the stone from the ureter. In this case, there are also consequences, but less pronounced-inflammation of the epithelium of the urinary ducts, injuries, secondary infection. Most patients in the framework of etiotropic treatment need to remove a stone from the ureter in the clinic, through surgery.
There are 2 main methods of conservative therapy lithokinetic therapy and therapy litholytic (dissolving stones). Both of these methods involve prescribing medications to You.
If the ureter is blocked by a large or dense stone, an emergency operation will be required to remove it. The least traumatic method is hardware crushing of stones in the ureters. To do this, use laser or ultrasonic equipment. Crushing is performed laparoscopically or endoscopically. Minimal invasiveness of such intervention reduces the period of rehabilitation. In complex clinical situations, stone removal requires a full-fledged cavity operation.
The Tashkent clinic "Gatling med" offers safe and painless removal of stones from the ureters and kidneys. To find out whether you need surgery or not, sign up for a consultation with a highly qualified urologist right now!