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Atheroma is a tumor-like neoplasm, the result of which is a blockage of the duct of the sebaceous gland. Due to the fact that the sebaceous glands are located throughout the body, atheromas can occur in all parts of the body without exception, but the most common place of their occurrence is the hair part of the head, the area under the nose and below the mouth, the neck, back, and the area of the genitals.


The difficulty of diagnosing atheroma is that it is very easy to confuse it with the manifestation of other tumour-like neoplasms such as lipoma. Therefore, the diagnosis of atheroma must be extremely specialist.


Causes of atheroma

For one reason or another, the duct of the sebaceous gland becomes clogged, and the resulting fat ceases to flow out, it begins to accumulate, stretching the duct — so the atheroma grows in size. Due to skin damage, the cells of the epidermis fall into the duct of the sebaceous gland, and directly in the duct they produce keratin — a dense mass that accumulates and does not come out due to excessive viscosity.



  • metabolic disorders that cause changes in the density of sebum;
  • mechanical injuries of the sebaceous glands (when acne or pimples are squeezed out);
  • inflammatory processes of hair follicles that cause a slowdown in the output of sebum;
  • hormonal change;
  • improper use of decorative cosmetics;
  • excessive sweating;
  • genetic disease.

Treatment of atheroma

Removal of the atheroma is a fairly complex surgical procedure, since it involves not only the removal of the lipid content of the atheroma, but also the removal of the capsule itself, the so-called body of the atheroma, because even a small remainder of the capsule can lead to its reappearance and growth.
Today, laser removal by ater is becoming more and more popular. At the same time, advanced technologies in the field of laser surgery of neoplasms are used during the operation. In contrast to surgical interventions, laser removal of atheroma is more effective and has a rapid pronounced results. At the same time, the procedure of laser removal by aterom is carried out much faster than surgery.

At the Gatling-med clinic in Tashkent, aterom removal is performed using modern laser equipment. In particular, the center's specialists use several types of laser emitters depending on the complexity of the operation, among which there is a highly effective carbon dioxide laser.