Endometrioid ovarian cyst is a hollow formation in the structure of the ovary, filled with a liquid content of "chocolate" color, which is old clotted blood. Endometrioid cysts are related to genital endometriosis, which is one of the most common diseases of modern gynecology. Endometrioid cysts can reach various sizes from 1.5 cm to 10 cm or more. Endometrioid cysts can also be bilateral in nature.
Endometrioid cysts are formed by merging endometrioid overlays, so-called heterotopias. Most often, endometrioid cysts are asymptomatic, but up to a certain point. Later, small holes begin to appear, through which the contents of the cyst flows into the abdominal cavity, which leads to the beginning of the adhesive process.
At this point, there are complaints of dull, aching pain in the lower abdomen. These pains are given to the rectum and perineum. Increased pain occurs in the last days of menstruation or after it ends. In most cases, patients have painful menstruation and pain during sexual intercourse.
The adhesive process and the spread of endometriosis foci along the peritoneum increase pain during exercise and sexual contact. In addition, the temperature may rise to 37.5, which will be reflected in the blood test (an increase in the number of white blood cells and ESR). When diagnosing an endometrioid cyst, it is important to pay attention to changes in the volume of the cyst depending on the phase of the cycle.
Treatment endometriodnoy ovarian cyst.
Endometrioid ovarian cyst does not respond to conservative therapy and requires surgical treatment. After collecting the required studies shall be appointed surgery to remove the endometriotic cysts of the ovary. As a rule, operations to remove an endometrioid ovarian cyst are performed as planned, but endometrioid cysts, like ovarian cysts of other structures, have a risk of nutritional disorders or rupture of the cyst capsule. In such cases, the operation is performed as an emergency, which may lead to the removal of the appendage, that is, the fallopian tube and ovary from the specified side.
In the vast majority of cases, surgery to remove an endometrioid cyst is performed by laparoscopic access.
Tashkent clinic Gatling-med, equipped with modern medical technology and highly qualified doctors, is ready to advise and conduct the necessary treatment at affordable prices and in the shortest possible time.