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Myocarditis is an inflammation of the muscular membrane of the heart (myocardium), more often of a rheumatic, infectious or infectious-allergic nature. The course of myocarditis can be acute or chronic. Acute myocarditis is manifested by shortness of breath, cyanosis, edema in the legs, swelling of the veins in the neck, pain in the heart, palpitations, arrhythmias. Often, the development of myocarditis is preceded by an infection (diphtheria, tonsillitis, scarlet fever, flu, etc.). In the future, relapses of the disease (with rheumatic myocarditis), the development of heart failure and thromboembolism are possible

General information

Myocarditis is an inflammation of the muscular membrane of the heart (myocardium), more often of a rheumatic, infectious or infectious-allergic nature. The course of myocarditis can be acute or chronic. Acute myocarditis is manifested by shortness of breath, cyanosis, edema in the legs, swelling of the veins in the neck, pain in the heart, palpitations, arrhythmias. Often, the development of myocarditis is preceded by an infection (diphtheria, tonsillitis, scarlet fever, flu, etc.). In the future, relapses of the disease (with rheumatic myocarditis), the development of heart failure and thromboembolism of the vessels of various organs are possible.

Myocarditis symptoms

The clinical symptoms of myocarditis depend on the degree of myocardial damage, localization, severity and progression of the inflammatory process in the heart muscle. It includes manifestations of insufficiency of myocardial contractile function and heart rhythm disturbances. Infectious-allergic myocarditis, unlike rheumatic myocarditis, usually begins against the background of infection or immediately after it. The onset of the disease can be asymptomatic or latent.

Complications

With long-term myocarditis, sclerotic lesions of the heart muscle develop, myocarditis cardiosclerosis occurs. In the case of acute myocarditis with severe disturbances in the work of the heart, heart failure, arrhythmia, rapidly progressing, causing sudden death.

Myocarditis treatment

The acute stage of myocarditis requires hospitalization in the cardiology department, restriction of physical activity, strict bed rest for 4 to 8 weeks until blood circulation is compensated and the normal size of the heart is restored. The diet for myocarditis involves a limited intake of table salt and liquid, enriched protein and fortified food to normalize metabolic processes in the myocardium.

You can safely begin treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!