Diagnosis of asthma is the most important step in providing care to the patient. Currently, our specialists use only a comprehensive approach and the most informative research methods, including:
- Individual collection of anamnesis in order to identify provoking factors (exposure to allergens, occupational factors, tobacco smoke, cold air, excessive physical and emotional stress, taking certain medications), hereditary predisposition to asthma;
- Thorough examination with the use of physical methods (auscultation, etc.);
- Functional research:
1. Spirometry-a study that allows you to register and document airway obstruction.
2. Body Plethysmography and the study of the diffusion capacity of the lungs – modern methods of in-depth functional research of the lungs, allowing you to get important information about the state of the respiratory and gas exchange function of the lungs.
This set of methods is usually sufficient to establish or refute the diagnosis of bronchial asthma. But in some cases, you may need additional studies that our specialists will provide you with: radiography or computed tomography of the chest, echocardiography, bronchoscopy, etc., as well as consultations of doctors of related specialties (allergist, cardiologist, otorhinolaryngologist, gastroenterologist).
Methods of treatment of asthma
1. Medical treatment
Pulmonologist, taking into account the individual characteristics of the course of the disease, concomitant pathology and the results of diagnostic studies:
- Will pick up the drugs for long-term maintenance (basic) therapy and for the relief of symptoms;
- Helps you choose the method of drug delivery to the respiratory tract (powder inhaler, metered-dose aerosol inhaler, aerosol inhaler with spacer, nebulizer), teaches the correct technique of drug inhalation;
- Will teach you to independently monitor your condition with the help of a peak flow meter and a self-control diary (so you can notice and prevent an impending exacerbation in a timely manner, as well as evaluate the effectiveness of treatment);
- Develop an individual plan of action in case of deterioration of asthma control or the development of an exacerbation of the disease.
2. Non-drug treatment
In the complex treatment of bronchial asthma, non-drug measures are important:
- Identification and prevention of contact with provoking factors and allergens;
- Hypoallergenic life (frequent wet cleaning, refusal of carpets, replacement of feather pillows with synthetic ones, absence of pets, etc.);
- Use of breathing exercises;
- Patient education;
- Speleotherapy according to the indications.