Causes and symptoms of oophoritis
Oophoritis is rarely a separate disease. Most often, it occurs against the background of existing infections that spread through the body without therapy. Inflammation occurs from infection or an increase in the number of conditionally pathogenic microflora of fungi of the genus Candida, streptococci, chlamydia, Escherichia coli and other microorganisms. Factors that increase the risk of:
- infectious gynecological diseases;
- intrauterine device, gynecological manipulations in the uterus;
- active sexual life without protection with different partners;
- hormonal and endocrine disruptions;
- heavy physical activity;
- stress, constant fatigue, poor nutrition.
Signs of oophoritis may differ in acute and chronic inflammation. The main complaints:
- abdominal pain that increases during sex;
- decreased libido and anorgasmia;
- purulent discharge;
- irregular menstruation, small bleeding between them;
- increase in the overall temperature;
With oophoritis, the symptoms may be similar to those of appendicitis, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, ectopic pregnancy, and other gynecological pathologies.
Diagnosis and treatment of oophoritis
The gynecologist makes a diagnosis after the procedure:
- examination on a gynecological chair with mirrors;
- palpation of the abdomen;
- bacteriological seeding of secretions;
- PCD tests;
- blood and urine tests;
- laparoscopy-examination with a miniature video camera;
- hysterosalpingoscopy-examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes using ultrasound and contrast media.
How oophoritis will be treated depends on the causes of its occurrence, the stage and concomitant diseases. Apply:
- anti-inflammatory medications;
- pain medicine;
- physical therapy-gynecological massage, electrophoresis, laser, magnetic therapy, mud therapy.
Treatment of oophoritis can be carried out on an outpatient or inpatient basis. Do not look for recommendations on the Internet and folk medicine how to treat oophoritis in women. This can be dangerous with the appearance of complications:
- infertility due to obstruction of the fallopian tubes;
- ectopic pregnancies;
- inflammation of other organs of the abdominal cavity;
- pyelonephritis, cystitis;
- disruptions in the menstrual cycle.
At the first symptoms of oophoritis, a consultation with a gynecologist is necessary to prescribe treatment and maintain health.