Currently, the main available methods for diagnosing varicose veins are:
- Ultrasound Dopplerography. The most common method of primary diagnosis of diseases of the veins of the lower extremities is today ultrasound Dopplerography (USDG). This method is based on the Doppler effect, which consists in the fact that ultrasonic waves passing through the tissues are reflected from the moving shaped elements of the blood and change their frequency at the same time. Highly sensitive sensors, recording these changes, reproduce them with a special device (Doppler) in the form of sound signals resembling wind noise, or a graphical curve.
- Duplex (two-dimensional) angioscanning allows you to register on the monitor screen an image of a venous vessel in real time with a Doppler assessment of blood flow in it. Triplex (three-dimensional) angioscanning, in addition to the above, allows you to get a color image of the blood flow.
- Phlebography. Phlebography is a radiopaque examination of the veins, which for many years has been, and in some cases remains, the decisive diagnostic method for examining patients with venous diseases and, mainly, in the case of their complications.
Treatment of varicose veins
Successful solution of the problem of treatment of varicose veins consists of the consistent implementation of the following tasks:
- The elimination of varicose syndrome;
- Elimination of signs of CVI;
- Prevention of progression and relapse of the disease.
Methods of treatment of varicose veins:
- Compression therapy;
- Conservative therapy;
- Surgical treatment (phlebectomy);
First of all, they try to treat varicose veins with conservative methods. Strictly speaking, this is not a treatment for varicose veins. All conservative methods in the "treatment of varicose veins" are primarily aimed at preventing the disease and its complications. Also, conservative methods are the only possible therapy if the patient has serious contraindications to other methods of treatment or if the patient refuses surgical treatment of varicose veins. Radical elimination of varicose veins is possible only by surgery, however, the functional result of treatment is of great importance, which implies the elimination or minimization of the manifestations of CVI.
Treatment of varicose veins should be comprehensive and individual, most often including conservative and surgical treatment. The doctor-phlebologist can only recommend the method of treatment of varicose veins, based on his experience, but the decision is always yours