Physical examination methods
Of course, the first step towards establishing a diagnosis is to consult a specialist. It is necessary to answer in detail all the questions of a gastroenterologist or therapist, who, according to your complaints, will be able to make a general picture of the disease. Then the specialist proceeds to a more detailed examination, which includes such methods as palpation, auscultation, percussion. Below we will look at some of these survey methods in more detail:
This is a special technology of probing the patient's abdomen, performed by the doctor's fingers without the use of additional tools. Scientists have long identified features characteristic of gastrointestinal diseases that can be detected by palpation. For example, with the help of palpation, a specialist can determine the foci of localization of pain, the degree of tension of the abdominal wall and other changes in the gastrointestinal tract.
a diagnostic method in which a specialist listens to sounds coming from the gastrointestinal tract using a stethophon endoscope. In some cases, auscultation can also be performed by applying the ear to the patient's abdomen.
is a method of examining the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, which is carried out in order to determine the boundaries of their location. As a rule, percussion is performed simultaneously with palpation for the most accurate diagnosis. Percussion is mainly used to examine the liver and spleen.
The main purpose of probing is to access the gastric juice, which reflects all the necessary indicators of the state of the gastrointestinal tract. Violation of the content of hydrochloric acid in gastric juice causes digestive disorders and causes certain diseases.
Endoscopy is another method of examining the gastrointestinal tract, consisting in the introduction of optical devices into the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract. As a rule, endoscopy is the most effective technology for diagnosing diseases of the small or large intestine.
The range of methods for diagnosing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is constantly updated with new technologies, one of which is rectoromanoscopy. This method allows you to examine the rectal mucosa with a special optical instrument.
Anyway, today there is a wide variety of methods for diagnosing diseases of the digestive system, which allow you to determine the problem with high accuracy and prescribe effective treatment. Modern technologies make these techniques painless for the patient and indispensable for the specialist.