Causes of rheumatism
Hemolytic streptococcus group A causes the development of angina, scarlet fever, erysipelas. The human immune system actively reacts to the presence of such a pathogen in the body-it produces specific antibodies that fight the microbe.
Therefore, rheumatic fever is considered a disease of an infectious and allergic nature - a pathogenic microorganism with hyperreactivity of the human immune system plays a role in its development.
Many of us have had angina, but rheumatic fever develops only in 1-3% of people, this is facilitated by such factors:
- incorrect treatment of streptococcal infection;
- genetic predisposition;
- deficiency of vitamins and trace elements;
- the presence of autoimmune diseases (lupus, scleroderma, etc.)
The prognosis of rheumatoid arthritis
With timely access to medical care, the implementation of all the recommendations of the doctor, there is a high probability of complete recovery. Thanks to modern treatment schemes for rheumatism, it is possible to reduce the percentage of patients with disabilities.
With advanced rheumatic carditis, surgical correction of heart defects (plastic surgery, prosthetics) will be required in the future.
Prevention of rheumatic fever
Basic preventive measures:
- timely treatment of streptococcal infections;
- complete completion of the course of antibiotic therapy, if it was prescribed (you can not stop drinking antibiotics before the doctor prescribed it);
- avoiding hypothermia and contact with patients with angina;
- general measures to strengthen the immune system (balanced diet, physical activity, walking in the fresh air).