- infectious diseases, including sexually transmitted diseases;
- reactions to the use of vaginal douching, ointments, tampons, pads, condoms;
- mechanical damage to the vaginal mucosa;
- non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene;
- hormonal disruptions;
- violations of the anatomical structure of the genital organs.
If you notice warning signs, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible.
- burning and itching of the external genital organs;
- purulent, cheesy discharge with an unpleasant odor;
- redness and swelling of the vaginal mucosa.
Symptoms can vary depending on the type of vaginitis. To diagnose the disease, in addition to examination, doctors conduct laboratory tests (smears for flora and PCR smears for infections), microbiological studies, ultrasound, and also use colposcopic, bacterioscopic, immunofluorescent, bacteriological methods.
To prevent the acute form of the disease from becoming chronic and in order to avoid such serious complications as inflammation of the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, endometritis, infertility, the specialists will select the appropriate treatment for colpitis:
- antibacterial and antifungal therapy;
- anti-inflammatory therapy;
- taking medications with a general strengthening effect;
- taking medications to restore the vaginal microflora.