Causes and symptoms
In childbearing age, frequent causes of ovarian dysfunction and uterine bleeding are inflammatory processes of the reproductive system, diseases of the endocrine glands, surgical termination of pregnancy, stress, etc., in menopause - dysregulation of the menstrual cycle due to the extinction of hormonal function.
The clinical picture of uterine bleeding at any age is characterized by prolonged spotting that appears after a significant delay in menstruation and is accompanied by signs of anemia: pallor, dizziness, weakness, headaches, fatigue, and a decrease in blood pressure.
Diagnostics and treatment
When diagnosing dysfunctional uterine bleeding, it is necessary to consult several specialists: a gynecologist, an endocrinologist, a neurologist. Doctors identify anamnesis data, assess the development of secondary sexual characteristics, physical development. Blood tests, ultrasound of the pelvic organs, thyroid and adrenal glands, MRI of the brain are prescribed in order to exclude tumor lesions of the pituitary gland.
The primary task in the treatment of uterine bleeding is to carry out hemostatic (hemostatic) measures. Further treatment tactics are aimed at preventing repeated uterine bleeding and normalizing the menstrual cycle.
Modern gynecology has in its arsenal several ways to stop dysfunctional uterine bleeding, both conservative and surgical. The choice of the method of hemostatic therapy is determined by the general condition of the patient and the amount of blood loss. For moderate anemia (with hemoglobin above 100 g / l), uterine-reducing drugs are used. Bloody discharge usually stops 5-6 days after you stop taking the drugs.
Usually, this disease is caused by unpredictable changes in hormone levels, and therefore cannot be prevented. Excess weight affects the ratio of hormones in the human body, therefore, it can contribute to the appearance of the aforementioned disease. When you are overweight, you should lose weight to reduce the likelihood of developing DMK.