Causes of the disease
The cause of a diaphragmatic hernia is the increased elasticity of the tissues limiting the esophageal opening of the diaphragm. This elasticity can be innate. Sometimes there is a developmental anomaly - the so-called "short esophagus with a pectoral stomach." But more often a hernia occurs during the patient's life under the influence of conditions that contribute to an increase in intra-abdominal pressure: hard physical labor, obesity, ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity), endocrine diseases. Sometimes pregnancy leads to a hiatal hernia. The weakening and thinning of the ligaments and connective tissue with age matters.
The diagnosis of a hiatal hernia is made by X-ray examination. Routine fluoroscopy of the esophagus and stomach with barium contrast is often sufficient. To clarify the diagnosis, esophagogastroscopy is performed.
A diet with fractional meals in small portions is prescribed, treatment of constipation. Physiotherapy is mandatory. Doing certain exercises can help prevent stomach displacement. Drugs are used to reduce gastric secretion and reduce acid aggressiveness of gastric contents, normalize dyskinesias of the gastrointestinal tract.
The occurrence of complications of a hiatal hernia is an indication for the appointment of surgical treatment.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!