Diagnosis of bronchitis in bronchial asthma
Diagnosis of bronchitis in bronchial asthma begins with listening to patients ' complaints, studying their medical history and finding out the features of breathing – using a phonendoscope.
Blood tests are performed – general, biochemical, immunological, for the presence of eosinophilia.
A serological examination of sputum is also required, although, according to pulmonologists, the bronchial surfactant released during coughing is not a prognostic parameter of the presence of infection, since viruses are almost impossible to detect.
Instrumental diagnostics is used in the form of:
- chest x-ray;
- bronchography (contrast X-ray of the bronchi);
- ultrasonography (ultrasound) of the bronchi and lungs;
- electrocardiography (ECG).
Differential diagnosis of bronchitis is performed to determine similar symptoms of tracheitis, laryngitis, pneumonia, obstructive pulmonary disease (a frequent complication of asthma), laryngeal or tracheal stenosis, pneumofibrosis, reflux esophagitis with chronic aspiration, enlarged cervical lymph nodes, congestive heart failure (in elderly patients), lung tumors, some psychosomatic diseases.
In essence, the treatment of bronchitis in bronchial asthma is carried out in the same way as the treatment of asthma and bronchitis, and may include medications used for bronchial asthma (to stop its attacks), as well as bronchodilators – to dilute thick sputum and better remove it from the respiratory tract.
The latter include preparations based on such pharmacological active substances as acetylcysteine, carbocysteine, bromhexine, ambroxol: ACC, Acestin, Acetal, Fluimucil, Mucobene, Bronchocode, Mucopronte, Bromhexine, Bronchosan, Ambrogexal, Ambrobene, etc. The dosage, contraindications and possible side effects of these drugs are described in detail in the publications-severe cough with sputum and treatment of cough with sputum.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!