Diagnosis of osteochondrosis
The establishment of a preliminary diagnosis is carried out during the initial examination of the patient. The examination is usually performed by a neurologist in connection with the patient's complaints about local changes that may manifest as pain, deformity or limited mobility.
The main role in the study of the spine is assigned to radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, with the help of which the level of the lesion is determined, the diagnosis is clarified and specified, hidden pathologies are revealed. These diagnostics allow the attending physician to determine the tactics of treatment and choose the most effective methods of treatment.
The causes and mechanism of development of osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis is a" breakdown " of the motor segment, destruction, degeneration of cartilage tissue. The reason is an incorrect motor stereotype and, as a result, a violation of cartilage nutrition.
The progression of osteochondrosis is promoted by: sedentary lifestyle, heavy physical activity, weight lifting, obesity, carrying a bag on one shoulder, high-heeled shoes, too soft mattress for sleeping, frequent hypothermia, the presence of bad habits, hereditary predisposition, stressful situations, insufficient drinking regime, and more.
The symptoms of degenerative disc disease
The manifestations of osteochondrosis will depend on the localization and severity of the lesion in the vertebral-motor segment. At the initial stage, patients complain of dull, aching back pain, discomfort, slight restriction of movement in the spine, periodic numbness in the arms or legs, headache, fatigue. Starting treatment and changing your lifestyle during this period, the result will not take long to wait and recovery will come quickly.
As a rule, patients with pain in the spine turn to a neurologist, who, based on complaints and neurological examination, can make a preliminary diagnosis, prescribe additional methods of examination (X-ray of the spine, MRI, CT, general urine analysis, general blood test) and develop a treatment regimen.
Treatment should be comprehensive, aimed at:
- elimination of pain syndrome;
- elimination of violations of the function of the spinal roots;
- prevention of the progression of degenerative-dystrophic changes in the structures of the spine.
In the acute period, with a strong pain syndrome, medication is prescribed: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, B vitamins, chondroprotectors, or a blockade is made.
Then massage, manual therapy, physiotherapy, acupuncture, spinal traction are connected.
Physical therapy is the main method of conservative treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Physical therapy is aimed at the formation, correction and strengthening of the muscular corset; increasing the volume of movements in the spine and joints; developing a motor stereotype and correct posture; reducing the load on the spine.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!