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An endometrial polyp is a benign growth within the uterine cavity. It is formed as a result of cell hyperplasia in the basal layer of the endometrium (the inner lining of the uterus). One or more polyps can form on the organ wall. In the latter case, they speak of uterine polyposis. The disease occurs in gynecology quite often. Among all diagnosed pathologies, from 6% to 20% are endometrial polyps

Endometrial polyp symptoms

The disease may progress asymptomatically. Clinical manifestations increase in parallel with the increase in polyps in size. The intensity also depends on the number of formations in the uterine cavity. Small polyps are usually discovered by chance - during routine examinations or during examination for another reason. The main signs of the formation of a polyp in the uterus are recognized:

  1. lower abdominal pain;
  2. discomfort during or after intercourse;
  3. spotting from the vagina outside of menstruation;
  4. bleeding after the onset of menopause;
  5. abdominal pain during menstruation;
  6. profuse menstrual flow;
  7. cycle failures.

The hyperplastic formations of the endometrium are capable of becoming infected, necrotic, which aggravates the clinical picture.

Treatment methods

Polyposis of the uterus is subject to surgical treatment. The operation allows you to eliminate pathologically altered tissues and avoid re-formation of the polyp. The technique of the intervention depends on the type and size of the formation. Some clinical situations (with cancer alertness) require the removal of the reproductive organs. Conservative treatment is carried out after the operation, taking into account the results of histology. The task of the gynecologist is to determine the cause of the development of pathology and its elimination with the help of medicines.

Conservative treatment After removal of fibrous polyps, drug treatment is not performed. After resection of glandular and glandular fibrous formations, the patient requires hormonal therapy. Treatment is selected on an individual basis. Usually, combination drugs of the group of oral contraceptives or progesterone-based drugs are prescribed. In the presence of a concomitant disease (hypertension, excess weight, diabetes mellitus), additional therapy is required from a doctor of the appropriate profile.

Surgical treatment Low-traumatic surgical interventions are preferred for the treatment of polyps. Before the operation, the patient is prescribed a laboratory examination.

In modern gynecology, polypectomy is performed during hysteroresectoscopy. The operation is performed under short-term intravenous anesthesia; in uncomplicated cases, the manipulation takes 15-20 minutes.

During surgery, the doctor examines the walls of the uterus using a video camera, studies the structure of the neoplasms, selects the optimal method of removal. Polyps are eliminated using microsurgical instruments. Recently, laser and electrocoagulation techniques have been actively introduced. The tissues in the area of ​​education are examined in detail and scraped out to remove all altered cells. The vessel feeding the polyp is cauterized.

You can safely begin treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health.