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An endometrioid ovarian cyst is a pathological cavity formation on the surface of the ovary or inside it, which consists of accumulated menstrual blood surrounded by a membrane of endometrial cells.

The cyst has bounding walls, with the help of which it merges with the walls or cavity of the ovary. The disease often affects women of reproductive age - from 12 to 50 years. As a rule, a cyst causes severe pain in the lower abdomen, causes abnormal and heavy menstruation, but most often causes infertility.

Causes of ovarian cysts
An ovarian cyst is a formation filled with fluid, not accompanied by a pathological increase in the number of cells. Ovarian cysts can occur due to hormonal changes in the body of a woman (including the uncontrolled use of certain drugs). Also one of the reasons is inflammatory processes against the background of other diseases.

In some cases, it resolves itself, in other situations, medical intervention is required. Only a doctor can determine the presence of a cyst, its type, and prescribe the appropriate treatment. The presence of ovarian cysts can affect the work of neighboring organs, leading to infertility. Rupture of an ovarian cyst can provoke the development of bleeding in the abdominal cavity, as well as peritonitis.

Symptoms of an Ovarian Cyst
Often, the appearance of ovarian cysts is asymptomatic. In such a situation, pathology is detected with third-party examinations. The presence of ovarian cysts can be assumed with the following symptoms:

  • uterine bleeding that is not associated with menstruation;
  • menstrual irregularities (in duration, intensity, and delayed menstruation);
  • drawing or aching pains in the lower abdomen (can also occur with sexual contact and physical activity);
  • weakness, nausea;
  • breast engorgement (increase in size and tenderness of the glands due to impaired milk outflow after childbirth);
  • an increase in the volume of the abdomen (in the presence of large cystic tumors).

Treatment of endometrioid ovarian cysts
Treatment can be either conservative or surgical.

Conservative treatment consists in the use of medications (hormones, painkillers, vitamins and immunomodulators).
Surgical treatment consists in removing the cyst using a laparoscopic or laparotomy method.
Laparoscopy - under visual control, foci of endometriosis are removed using an electric current, laser or other methods.
Laparotomy is a technique with an extensive opening of the abdominal cavity. It is carried out with complex and common forms of the disease. Allows you to remove foci from affected neighboring organs.

Postoperative period
After the operation, the patient is prescribed a course of hormonal drugs. Also in the postoperative period, physiotherapy is indicated aimed at correcting endocrine imbalance, preventing adhesions and infiltration processes, as well as relapses of cysts. After removal of the ovarian cyst, in most cases the pain is significantly reduced, normal menstrual and reproductive functions are restored. The recovery period after surgery depends on the amount of surgery. After laparoscopic surgery, the sutures are removed on the 7-9th day, abdominal pain and healing of the sutures pass quickly enough. By the time of discharge (the same 7-9 days), the patient usually feels good. After a laparotomy operation, the pain can last longer, up to two to three weeks.

The GATLING-MED Clinic has all the resources for an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment of endometrioid ovarian cysts. In the process of surgical intervention, our doctors use endoscopic surgery, due to which the risk of complications is minimized and the recovery period is significantly reduced.