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Causes of the formation of a functional ovarian cyst
The pathogenesis of the development of ovarian follicular cyst is based on endocrine-metabolic disorders that lead to hyperestrogenism and the development of a single-phase anovulatory menstrual cycle. Physical overstrain and psychoemotional loads can contribute to these disorders. Ovarian dysfunction often leads to the formation of follicular cysts due to abortions, nonspecific inflammations (oophoritis, adnexitis, salpingitis), uncontrolled contraception, acute infections, STDs, hyperstimulation of ovulation in the treatment of infertility.

Symptoms of ovarian follicular cyst
Small (up to 4-5 cm in diameter) cysts usually do not manifest themselves in any way and are detected randomly. Follicular ovarian cysts of a larger size (up to 8 cm or more) may be accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, a feeling of bursting or heaviness in the groin area. Discomfort and pain appear in the second half of the menstrual cycle, often provoked or aggravated by sexual intercourse, physical activity, sudden movements. A number of patients are concerned about the irregularity, abundance and duration of menstruation, the appearance of scanty intermenstrual secretions.

Clinical recognition of the ovarian follicular cyst is performed on the basis of a vaginal-abdominal examination, echography, laparoscopy. During a gynecological examination, a rounded tumor with a tight-elastic consistency, smooth surface, slightly painful and mobile is palpated from the side and anterior to the uterus.

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