Pain is one of the most common symptoms in modern clinical practice and one of the most common reasons people seek medical attention. If a patient has pain, the doctor should always take into account the following characteristics: onset, development, migration, character, intensity, localization and irradiation, duration, reasons for intensifying and relieving pain. Tension headache (HDN) is one of the most common diseases among all population groups, and, despite its seeming harmlessness, is among the TOP-10 causes of disability in the world. Most people experience episodes of HDN from time to time, with women experiencing it more often than men. HDN also has a great impact on people's daily life, including family and social spheres, work, among other things, is a predisposing and aggravating factor for the development of anxiety and depression.
Both peripheral and central nociceptive mechanisms are involved in the pathogenesis of HDN formation. Peripheral mechanisms are of primary importance - the tension of the pericranial muscles, while the central mechanisms play a major role in the development of CGBI. HDN develops as a result of the formation of a stream of pain impulses from tense muscles, which occurs as a result of an uncomfortable posture or increased muscle tension during stress. This flow of pain impulses can cause an increase in the sensitivity of neurons in the trigeminal tract - sensitization.
Most patients with HDN show improvement with the use of basic non-drug methods: adherence to sleep hygiene, regular recreational sports activity, adherence to diet and exclusion of provocateurs, relaxation methods, biofeedback and cognitive behavioral therapy. A significant therapeutic effect is noted when using psychological and psychotherapeutic correction. The effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation, hypnosis and self-hypnosis, breathing-relaxation training, autogenous training, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and acupuncture has been proven.
Cognitive behavioral therapy at the initial stage is one of the most important components of the treatment of patients with frequent and chronic types of HDN. Already at the initial examination, it is necessary to explain to the patient the benign nature of the disease, its causes, the main provoking factors, the role of psychoemotional and muscle tension, violations of the daily routine, stressful situations, the main goals of treatment, as well as the importance of normalizing the lifestyle.
You can safely begin treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health.