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What is heart failure?

Heart failure is a weakening of the pumping function of the heart. Typically, either the right side of the heart (right-sided heart failure) or the left side of the heart (left-sided heart failure) is affected. With progressive heart failure, both sides of the heart may be affected (global heart failure). Heart failure can also be chronic or acute in nature. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure, which occurs suddenly and unexpectedly. Acute heart failure can occur suddenly against the background of acute cardiovascular catastrophe and / or decompensation of heart failure.

What causes heart failure?

Heart failure is caused by diseases that affect or damage the heart muscle. The most common cause of chronic heart failure is coronary artery disease.

Coronary artery disease (CHD) is caused by narrowing of the coronary vessels (coronary arteries), most often due to atherosclerosis. Coronary arteries are blood vessels that provide oxygen and other important nutrients to the heart. The progressive narrowing (also called stenosis) of the arteries leads to poor circulation in the heart muscle. CHD is often diagnosed when angina (chest pain and tension) is present, but otherwise goes unnoticed.

A similar effect can be caused by a heart valve problem. With narrowed or leaking aortic valves, the heart must work harder or beat faster, which also increases the load.

What are the types of heart failure and what are their symptoms?

Heart failure is classified into the following types:
 
• Left-sided heart failure
• Right-sided heart failure
• Global heart failure
• Systolic heart failure
• Diastolic heart failure
• Chronic heart failure
• Acute heart failure

How is heart failure treated?

For chronic heart failure, medications (such as ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, and diuretics) are used. Medicines are used to prevent complications and improve quality of life. ACE inhibitors and beta-blockers can prolong life, but they must be taken regularly to be beneficial.

In addition, rhythm therapy (for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias) and the implantation of a three-chamber pacemaker are used. The latter ensures the timely activation of the atria and both ventricles. A defibrillator is also often implanted as part of a pacemaker to counteract dangerous heart rhythm disturbances in the setting of severe heart failure. This treatment is also known as resynchronization therapy. Physical therapy is an important part of successful treatment.

You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!