Causes of kidney stones
The main causes of kidney stones are: a change in the composition of urine, which is influenced by the quality of the water used, a hereditary predisposition, defects in kidney development, narrowing of the ureter, a hot climate in which, as a rule, more fluid is consumed, and more frequent sweating occurs. Also, an infection can enter the kidneys or bladder.
Colic or dull pain in the lower back
Unbearable or just extremely severe pain, which can also radiate to the hips, lower abdomen, genitals
Unpleasant sensations or difficulty urinating, as well as frequent urge to urinate
In rare cases, nausea, and even vomiting is possible.
Appearance of yellow or red sediment in the urine, blood in the urine
X-ray examination takes the leading place in the recognition of kidney and ureteral stones.
The most common method is plain urography. With its help, you can determine the size and shape of the stone, as well as roughly its localization.
A plain urogram should cover the entire area of the kidneys and urinary tract on both sides.
After an overview image of the urinary tract, it is imperative to perform excretory urography. Excretory urography allows you to identify the anatomical and functional state of the kidneys, to establish the type of pelvis and localization of the calculus.
An important method for diagnosing kidney stones is tomography, which allows you to differentiate a kidney stone from gallbladder stones and other shadows that are not related to the urinary system.
How to get rid of kidney stones?
Treatment is prescribed depending on the complexity and severity of the disease. You may need surgery to crush your kidney stones, called lithotripsy. But this is in exceptional cases, because surgical intervention can have an adverse effect, both on the child's body and on his psyche.
More "gentle" treatment can be a method of dissolving kidney stones, scientifically speaking, litholysis. There is the option of taking such drugs in tablets or by intravenous administration. This process will become more effective if the child drinks mineral water instead of ordinary water, which in general stabilizes the work of the whole body. Conclusion, cleansing the kidneys from stones in a child occurs in the same way as in an adult. Only the dose of drugs and the strength of the effect are regulated by the doctor, depending on the age and weight of the patient.