Lasers (or optical quantum generators) are one of the most remarkable and promising achievements of science and technology in recent decades, one of the "wonders" of the XX century. Optical quantum generators undoubtedly have a bright future, since their application is truly limitless: they use lasers to study plasma, accelerate chemical reactions, monitor the movement of artificial earth satellites, perform a variety of scientific research, and much, much more. For example, using laser radiation, the distance to the moon was determined with an accuracy of 100 meters. If a conventional modern computer can perform several million arithmetic operations per second, a computer using the OKG beam can perform several hundred or thousands of million operations in the same second.
All optical quantum generators consist of an external pump source, an active laser medium, and an optical resonator. With the help of the pumping source, the external energy is directed to optical quantum generator. Depending on the design, the active laser medium inside may consist of a crystalline body (YAG laser), a gas mixture (CO₂ laser), or a glass fiber (fiber laser). When energy is supplied through the pumping system to the active laser medium, energy is released in the form of radiation. The active laser medium is located in a so-called "optical resonator" between two mirrors, one of which is translucent. In the resonator, the radiation of the active laser medium is amplified, and at the same time, part of the radiation is able to exit the optical resonator through a semi-transparent mirror. Thus, the electromagnetic radiation of the optical (light) range collected in the beam is laser radiation.
Today, the laser Is widely used in all areas of medicine. Low-intensity lasers are used for photodynamic therapy (FTD) and laser therapy. In addition to Oncology, PDT is used in gastroenterology and dermatology, for example, in the treatment of psoriasis.
The laser is indispensable in purulent surgery – it sterilizes wounds, helps to tighten burns and purulent wounds with a soft and elastic scar. In the Soviet Union, by order of the Ministry of health of the USSR, all burn centers were equipped with laser technology.
The laser helps with frequent nosebleeds and chronic tonsillitis, it can treat snoring. Urologists crush stones in the ureter with a laser, which saves the patient from a complex operation. With minimal "jewelry" laser exposure, you can gently remove, for example, papilloma between the lashes, without damaging the surrounding tissue. Removal of tattoos, moles, and scar resurfacing is something that using a laser allows you to do neatly and beautifully. Therefore, it is actively used in cosmetology, where the aesthetic effect is very important.
A laser scalpel is a full-fledged tool in the hands of an experienced surgeon. Operations with its use are practically bloodless. The laser cuts through tissues and stimulates their healing, which no other scalpel can do. The wounds themselves remain sterile, and this minimizes the development of inflammation.
With the help of a surgical laser, you can radically cure an ingrown nail, or you can perform complex operations like resection of the stomach or intestines. Using it, you can remove meniscus, treat varicose veins by performing endovasal laser obliteration of varicose veins instead of traditional phleboctomy. Rough scars and scars do not remain after such an intervention.
Tashkent clinic "Gatling Med", equipped with modern equipment and experienced doctors who have passed advanced training in the specialty "laser medicine Specialist" in the state center, is ready to conduct proper treatment and diagnosis at affordable prices and in the shortest possible time.