Arterial hypertension or hypertension is a syndrome of high blood pressure. It is one of the most common diseases of the cardiovascular system. It is established that 20-30% of the adult population suffer from arterial hypertension. With age, the prevalence of the disease increases and reaches 50-65 % in people over 65 years.
Most adults with high blood pressure suffer from primary hypertension (formerly called essential hypertension). This means that the cause that caused the increase in pressure is unknown. A small number of people suffer from secondary hypertension — in other words, there is a potentially correctable cause of high blood pressure, such as a hormonal disorder or kidney disease, as well as a hereditary predisposition.
People who abuse coffee are also at high risk. The same category includes fans of tonic drinks and table salt.
Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to many complications, including myocardial infarction and stroke. The risk of complications increases even when the pressure is within the normal range, but exceeds the value of 110/75.
The first step to recovery is lifestyle modification. It is recommended:
* Adherence to a diet with a restriction of salt, fat, digestible carbohydrates;
* Favorable work and rest regime,
* Stress management,
* Abstinence from alcohol abuse, Smoking, use of other psychoactive substances, daily moderate physical activity, normalization of body weight.
There are also several groups of drugs, each of them has its own indications for use and characteristic side effects. You can decide whether you need to take the medicine together with our doctors from the Tashkent clinic gatling-med. We guarantee the highest quality of treatment and care for our patients.