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Genyantritis (type of sinusitis) - inflammation of the maxillary sinus, occurs as a complication in acute rhinitis, influenza, measles, scarlet fever and other infectious diseases.
Downstream genyantritis can be acute and chronic. In the second case, the disease lasts more than 4 weeks, proceeds with alternating remissions and exacerbations. Exacerbations are characterized by increased symptoms of purulent genyantritis.

Causes of genyantritis

The main cause of genyantritis is infection-bacteria or viruses penetrate into the maxillary sinus through the nasal cavity, through the blood, and most often due to pathological processes in the periapical areas of the upper teeth and cause inflammation.
The transition of the disease into a chronic form is facilitated by:
* cystic fibrosis and other causes of ciliary dyskinesia;
* chronic inflammation of allergic nature;
• hypertrophic rhinitis, nasal septum deformity, nasal polyps, and other anatomic impediments to the normal flow of air;
• dental caries, chronic otitis media, tonsillitis.
The most frequent causative agent of the disease is Staphylococcus aureus. In the case of chronic course, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other gram-negative bacteria are often found. A third of patients have a mixed composition of microflora. Often purulent genyantritis is caused by microorganisms living in the nasal cavity in normal conditions and falling into the maxillary sinus when sneezing, coughing, runny nose. To completely cure purulent genyantritis, it is recommended to determine the type of pathogen.

Diagnosis and treatment of genyantritis

Diagnosis of  genyantritis is carried out by examining a doctor, as well as on the basis of symptoms. One of the main symptoms of genyantritis is a pulling pain that occurs when the torso is tilted forward. Confirmation of the diagnosis is made on the basis of an x-ray.
For the treatment of sinusitis, decongestants are primarily used, the action of which is aimed at narrowing blood vessels and reducing blood flow to the focus of inflammation. As a result, swelling of the mucous membrane in the nasal passages decreases and nasal congestion decreases. If the disease is caused by streptococci, staphylococci or pneumococci, antibacterial therapy is indicated. For this purpose, antibiotics are used, which are usually prescribed for severe sinusitis, and if the patient has an Allergy only after special tests for sensitivity to them of the body.

The healing effect of genyantritis also has a massage in the projections of the paranasal sinuses, contributing to the elimination of congestion. Another therapeutic recommendation concerns humidifying the air in the room where the patient is. The fact is that the mucous membrane lining the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses dries up in dry air. And this negatively affects their ability to self-purification and slows down the healing process. Therefore, the air must be humidified, for example, hanging for this purpose in the room wet towels.

In Tashkent clinic Gatling-med, thorough diagnosis and treatment is carried out according to modern standards, taking into account the individual characteristics of each patient. Our center employs ENT doctors with extensive experience and high level of qualification, which allows them to treat genyantritis quickly and effectively.