Laryngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx, the main symptoms of which are loss of voice or hoarseness. Chronic laryngitis usually lasts more than 3 weeks.
This disease develops as a consequence of repeated acute laryngitis or prolonged inflammatory processes in the nose and its paranasal sinuses, pharynx. Contribute to the disease smoking, alcohol abuse, voice strain. Chronic laryngitis often develops in teachers as an occupational disease.
In addition, the development of the disease is promoted by overheating, hypothermia, breathing through the mouth, dusty air, overstrain of the larynx.
First of all, there are pain in the throat, discomfort, foreign body sensation. The voice becomes hoarse. When you try to say something unpleasant sensations are amplified.
Inflammation of the laryngeal mucosa causes its swelling and narrowing of the lumen, which can make breathing difficult. This is more pronounced in children. Severe swelling of the laryngeal mucosa in young children can cause false croup. This is one of the most severe complications of laryngitis, which in the absence of timely care can lead to death.
Laryngitis can also be accompanied by an increase in temperature to 37 °C and above, general weakness, lack of appetite, headache and chills. These symptoms are not major.
Patients with chronic laryngitis must be examined by a doctor. Depending on the nature of the inflammatory process, the doctor prescribes appropriate treatment: inhalation, lubrication of the larynx, various physiotherapy procedures, and if necessary, medication, and even surgical treatment.
To prevent the development of chronic laryngitis, first of all, timely treatment of acute laryngitis, as well as other catarrh of the upper respiratory tract (diseases of the nose, paranasal sinuses, etc.), which can be complicated by inflammation of the larynx, is necessary. Should adhere to and rational voice regime.
In the prevention of both acute and chronic laryngitis, regular exercise and sports, in a word, hardening of the body and as early as possible from an early age, are important.
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