An intervertebral hernia or herniated disc is the protrusion of the nucleus of the intervertebral disc into the spinal canal as a result of a violation of the integrity of the fibrous ring. At risk are men and women aged 25 to 50 years, performing work related to lifting weights (for example, movers) or with long sitting (for example, in the office in front of a computer). Herniation occurs when the fibrous ring (which surrounds the intervertebral disc) is ruptured for certain reasons, and the pulp nucleus, which is located inside the disc, is displaced. Penetrating into the intervertebral canal, it affects the cells of the spinal cord or nerve roots, which causes pain, spasms, numbness, etc.
Symptoms of a herniated disc vary depending on its location (in the lumbar, thoracic or cervical spine), as well as depending on the stage of its development.
* tingling sensation in the area of the damaged disc;
* numbness of the leg on the affected side of the disc;
* periodic weakness and loss of sensation in both legs;
• pain with a return in the buttock from the side of disk corruption;
* dysfunction of the excretory and sexual systems.
* dizziness and / or headaches;
* blood pressure jumps;
* "shot" in the shoulder or arm;
* loss of sensitivity in the fingers.
If a hernia has developed in the thoracic region, the patient experiences pain, trying to take a typical working position, in addition, chronic chest pain may occur with the further development of kyphoscoliosis or scoliosis.
The method of choice for diagnosing herniated discs is currently magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or multispiral computed tomography (MSCT). If necessary, non-invasive Mr myelography or invasive CT myelography is performed. If the intervertebral disc is protruding at 25-50% of its diameter - it is a hernia. If more, then we are talking about the bulging (protrusion) of the disk.
There are two types of treatment for herniated disc - conservative and surgical. The first method involves the treatment of hernia with anti-inflammatory drugs or traction therapy. The second method-surgery, is used in extreme cases (if the spinal cord is damaged, etc.).
Tashkent clinic Gatling-Med, provided with modern medical equipment and highly qualified doctors,who got their doctorate abroad, is ready to advise you and conduct proper treatment at a guaranteed high level!!