Migraine is the primary form of headache, the symptoms of which are periodic attacks of headache of medium and high intensity. The headache is usually localized in one half of the head, has a pulsating character and lasts from 2 to 72 hours. Concomitant symptoms include nausea, vomiting, hypersensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. Usually the pain increases with physical activity. Worldwide, migraine affects about 15 % of the population, or approximately one billion people. The prevalence of the disease among female patients is higher than among male patients (19 % and 11 %, respectively).
Causes of migraine
The root causes of migraine are not known, but doctors say that the development of migraine contribute to a number of psychological factors (depression or anxiety), as well as biological processes or provoking factors:
• Environmental factor
* Trigger factors
* Physiological factors
The aura is a kind of precursor to seizures. Aura can affect sensitivity, balance, coordination, speech, or vision; they last from a few minutes to an hour.
Visual impairment often manifests as atrial scotoma (a partial change in the field of vision due to a flickering object, impairing the ability to read or drive). As a rule, they occur in the Central area of the field of vision and then spread out in zigzag lines. Usually the lines are black and white, but some patients also see colored lines. In some cases, there is a partial loss of the field of vision (hemianopsia), in others — blurring.
Treatment of migraine
Preventive treatment for migraine includes medication, lifestyle changes and surgery. Prevention is recommended for patients who suffer from headaches more than two days a week, do not tolerate drugs used to treat acute attacks, or experience severe, hard-to-control seizures.
The aim is to reduce the frequency, intensity and / or duration of migraine attacks and to increase the effectiveness of therapy to stop the attacks. Preventive treatment is also carried out to prevent abusive headache. This problem is common and can cause chronic daily headaches.
Treatment includes three main aspects: avoidance of provoking factors, relief of acute symptoms and preventive therapy with drugs. Medications are more effective at the early stage of the attack. Frequent use of drugs can lead to the development of abusive headache, which is characterized by an increase in the severity and frequency of attacks. It can develop in the case of taking tryptans, ergotamines and analgesics, especially opioids. In this regard, conventional analgesics are recommended to be taken less than three days a week.
Specialists of Tashkent clinic gatling-med
offer you to undergo a full examination of the brain. We utilize recognized and up-to-date methods of treatment and accumulated experience in order to make a complete picture of the disease and prescribe the appropriate treatment. Whatever the causes of the disease, our doctors select for each patient the most effective method of treatment.