Plexitis is a lesion of the nerve plexus. There are (depending on the localization) three types of plexus: cervical, shoulder and lumbosacral. The initial stage of the disease is neuralgic, characterized by spontaneous pains and pains that occur or increase with movements, pressure on the plexus, its bundles and nerves departing from it.
For the reasons of defeat allocate:
* Plexitis of the cervical plexus will be characterized by: pain in the neck or in the back of the head, sometimes hiccups, torticollis may occur, it is difficult for patients to cough and speak loudly. When the disease is neglected, paresis or paralysis of the neck muscles develops, which in turn can lead to respiratory failure.
* Plexitis of the brachial nerve plexus is the most frequent pathology of this group. For this disease characterized by pain in the region of the clavicle, which gives to the upper limb. Possible violations of sensitivity and limitation of movements in the hand. Reduced muscle strength and reflexes in the upper limb from the lesion. Disturbed nutrition of the structures of the hands, may be swelling.
* Lumbosacral plexitis causes pain in the lower back, buttocks, thigh, Shin and foot. The feet swell. Violated sensitivity and muscle strength. In advanced conditions, paralysis of the muscles of the lower extremity develops.
The main specialist in the treatment of plexitis is a neurologist. Survey, collection of medical history and examination by conducting functional tests will give the technician a direction for further examination and treatment.
It will be mandatory to conduct General clinical tests: clinical blood analysis (to exclude inflammatory or infectious processes), biochemical blood tests with renal and hepatic samples (to exclude toxic damage to the nerve plexuses).
To clarify the diagnosis are used: radiography to exclude splinter fractures, ultrasound of soft tissues in the projection of the nerve plexus, computer and magnetic resonance imaging. To study the conduction along the nerve plexus use do an electroneuromyography.
The General therapy for all types of plexitis will be treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (to relieve pain and inflammation), venotonics and small doses of diuretics (reducing swelling of the plexus and tissues around them), b vitamins and drugs that stimulate conduction through the nervous tissue. In some cases, resort to intravenous administration of glucocorticosteroids and drug blockades.
For the treatment of traumatic plexitis, surgical intervention is resorted to. In the case of infectious Genesis of the disease, specific treatment (antibiotic or antiviral therapy) is carried out.
A separate niche in the treatment of plexitis is occupied by physiotherapy. Magnetic therapy and electrical stimulation are used. To restore sensitivity and mobility in the muscles of the limbs resort to physical therapy, massage and acupuncture.
Tashkent clinic Gatling-med, provided with the most modern medical equipment and highly qualified doctors, is ready to advise you and conduct proper treatment at a guaranteed high level.