Myocardial infarction is an acute condition, a clinical form of coronary heart disease, characterized by the cessation of blood delivery to any part of the heart. When the blood supply is interrupted for 15-20 minutes or more, the “starving” part of the heart dies off. This area of death (necrosis) of the heart is called myocardial infarction. A person at this time feels an acute unbearable pain behind the breastbone, which does not go away even after taking several nitroglycerin tablets in a row.
• severe and prolonged chest pain;
• difficulty breathing;
• painful sensations in the abdomen;
Myocardial infarction has quite characteristic symptoms that make it possible to predict it with a high degree of probability even in the pre-infarction period of the development of the disease. The patient's condition is characterized by more prolonged and intense chest pains, which are worse amenable to elimination with nitroglycerin. Sweating, shortness of breath, various arrhythmias, or nausea may appear. Also, patients with great difficulty can withstand even small physical exertion.
The treatment process includes several stages, each of which takes place in special conditions.
1. Prehospital. The ambulance team performs initial resuscitation actions and delivers the patient to the hospital.
Hospital. Doctors of the specialized department of vascular surgery carry out direct treatment of myocardial infarction in the most acute and acute stages of the disease.
Rehabilitation. In a special department of a hospital or cardiosanatorium, the patient undergoes rehabilitation after myocardial infarction, which allows the maximum restoration of body functions under the supervision of doctors.
Outpatient. In the postinfarction period, the patient returns to normal life, periodically visiting a specialist at the clinic at the place of residence.
Treatment of myocardial infarction in a hospital solves three main tasks.
• First - relief of pain arising from muscle necrosis.
• The second - limiting the zone of necrosis by the introduction of anticoagulant drugs and thrombolytics.
• Third - prevention of the development of severe complications (acute heart failure, arrhythmias, etc.) with the help of special medications.
In case of untimely provision of medical care or when trying to treat myocardial infarction at home with so-called folk remedies, the risk of complications increases significantly and even death becomes possible.
With some effort, each person can significantly reduce the risk of developing such a serious disease. Measures for the prevention of myocardial infarction are quite simple: you need to limit the amount of fatty foods and fried foods in the diet, quit smoking and minimize the amount of alcoholic beverages, control cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Do not forget about physical activity, which should be feasible and regular. In addition, excessive stress, both physical and emotional, should be avoided. Maintaining health to a ripe old age is entirely in our hands.