Osteochondrosis is a degenerative-dystrophic disease of the spine and all surrounding tissues. That is, the disease of the articular cartilage of the spine, which subsequently destroys the cartilaginous tissues and the deformation of the intervertebral discs.
Most often, osteochondrosis develops for such reasons as heavy loads, lack of mobility, inactivity, metabolic disorders, somatic diseases, hormonal changes. There is more pathology in people older than 30 years, although primary symptoms may appear in adolescents. The intervertebral disc is a shock absorber absorbing the load and retaining the flexibility of the column of the spine.
There are 4 types of osteochondrosis:
1. Osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral department. It occurs in people with moderate and old age also in those with a sedentary lifestyle.
2. Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine. It is rare to find a person with this type of disease.
3. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. Also occurs due to immobility (occurs in young people).
4. Common osteochondrosis. Will be affected by two or all the departments of the spine.
Osteochondrosis causes severe inconvenience to patients, limiting their mobility, which are manifested for the following reasons:
- Mature age
- Excess weight
- Diseases of the viral type
- Injuries inflicted on the spine (fractures)
- Hard work or sport causing increased stress on the spine
The treatment is carried out with the help of medicinal and non-drug restoration methods. Anesthetic drugs and physiotherapy are used in the treatment procedure. In some cases, ultrasound therapy, laser therapy, hirudotherapy and other methods are also used.
The main goal of our neurological doctors is to facilitate the patient's condition. For further maintenance of health and prevention of the spine, patients are more likely to perform physical exercises and avoid the immobile lifestyle in every possible way.