Pancreatitis, being an inflammatory disease of the pancreas, is acute and chronic. Acute pancreatitis can be brought to pancreonecrosis (purulent-non-cryotic destruction of the gland). Chronic in turn leads to destruction of the gland tissue functions through fibrosis and sclerosis.
Treatment of acute pancreatitis.
The method of treatment of acute pancreatitis is selected on the basis of the patient's state of health and the severity of his illness. In the presence of severe complications such as multiple organ failure or shock state of the patient immediately conducted in the intensive care unit. Concerning the simpler forms of acute pancreatitis, a number of medications are prescribed (pain killers, antispasmodics and antibiotics) and starvation.
Treatment of pancreatitis is chronic.
The emergence of chronic pancreotitis mainly occurs from the consumption of fatty foods and the abuse of alcoholic beverages. Heredity can also be the cause. Therapy of this disease should be started as soon as the early symptoms were seen. In the event of vomiting, nausea, and pain syndromes, the following drugs are attributed: antispasmodics, cholinergic receptor blockers and pain medication. The first 2-3 days of the exacerbation period, the patient is assigned bed rest and fasting. And in the following days, food is introduced in fractional portions.
Surgical methods are also used to treat chronic pancreatitis.
This method is used when the patient has a purulent necrotic complication. The operation is performed by endoscopic or open access and is structurally complex and quite traumatic. Therefore, rehabilitation takes a long time.