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Paroxysmal tachycardia

Paroxysmal tachycardia is one of the types of arrhythmias, which is characterized by sudden attacks of increased heart rate up to 300 beats per minute. This happens as a result of the appearance of impulses that lead to a change in the heart rate.

The first thing that people suffering from paroxysmal tachycardia should remember is to eliminate all bad habits from their lives. A complete rejection of alcohol, smoking and severe overwork will positively affect the prognosis of the disease.

The second thing to remember is that you must carefully follow the advice of a doctor, and also fully comply with the prescribed treatment. Refusal to take medications can lead to unpleasant consequences.

For this disease, table number 10 is recommended. Reducing calories in food, limiting the amount of salt and liquids consumed. Substances that have an exciting effect on the nervous and cardiovascular systems are contraindicated. An increased intake of potassium and magnesium, as well as alkalizing foods, is recommended.

SYMPTOMS

Heart palpitations always start suddenly, they can last for a few seconds or a couple of days. The patient feels the initial stage of the attack as a push in the region of the heart, followed by an increase in the heartbeat. Despite maintaining the correctness of the rhythm, the heart rate (HR) can increase up to 300 beats per minute.

In addition to palpitations, the patient may complain of severe dizziness and noise in the head. Occasionally, hemiparesis and aphasia (speech impairment) can be noted.

Sometimes an attack can occur in combination with nausea, flatulence and a slight increase in temperature. After the attack is over, in the first hours, there is an excessive flow of urine with a reduced density.

In cases where the attack lasts a long time, a persistent decrease in pressure develops. The patient may faint frequently.

TREATMENT

Urgent care:

• Administration of antiarrhythmic drugs

• Vagus maneuvers

• Electric pulse therapy

• Emergency hospitalization.

Drug treatment:

• Antiarrhythmic drugs

• Β-blockers

• Cardiac glycosides.

Surgery:

• Destruction of additional pathways of impulse conduction

• Destruction of centers of automatism

• Radiofrequency ablation

• Implantation of pacemakers

• Installation of cardiac defibrillators.

Prolonged paroxysmal seizures can lead to the following types of complications:

• Acute and chronic heart failure

• Myocardial ischemia

• Flicker of the ventricles.

 

In the diagnosis of almost any heart pathology, the ECG procedure occupies a special place. This case is no exception. On the cardiogram with this disease, you can see a change in the P wave. Its position relative to the QRS complex, as well as the shape and polarity, changes. The latter value allows you to correctly diagnose the form of the disease.

 

You can safely begin treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!