Endometrial polyp (polyp of the uterine cavity - focal (limited in area) hyperplasia of the endometrium (mucous membrane of the uterine cavity). Endometrial hyperplasia - excessive proliferation of endometrial tissue, when foci of hyperplasia talk a lot about endometrial polyposis.
The presence and severity of symptoms depends on the size of the polyp, its structure, location in the uterine cavity and concomitant gynecological pathology.
Diagnostics of the polyps of the uterine cavity:
The standard for the diagnosis of endometrial hyperplastic processes is ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs (uterus and appendages) and diagnostic hysteroscopy. A gynecological examination on a chair is not informative. On examination, you can see the polyp of the cervix, and only when the formation is large and leaves the cervical canal into the vagina.
The endometrium is a hormone-sensitive tissue that undergoes cyclical changes. The endometrium is a target organ for sex hormones, and therefore any hormonal disorders lead to the appearance of pathological changes in the endometrium - a violation of the growth and differentiation of its cells and, as a result, the formation of polyps of the uterine cavity.
In the pathogenesis of endometrial polyps, the main role is played by ovarian dysfunction, leading to the development of hyperestrogenism - an imbalance of hormones in a woman's body, in which there is an increase in the amount of female sex hormones - estrogens.
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