A bladder polyp is a benign formation that occurs on the surface of the mucous membrane of the bladder. Polyps are abnormal overgrowth of tissues, they can be single or multiple, and have different shapes and sizes. Polyps can be attached to the mucosal wall with a thin stem and thus resemble a fungus, or they may not have a rod and grow right on the inner mucosal wall. In most cases, polyps have no visible symptoms and are not uncomfortable. However, it should be remembered that benign epithelial tumors tend to develop into cancer over time. Therefore, you should not postpone a visit to a specialist.
To date, specialists have very well studied the mechanism of the development of abnormal tissue proliferation. It remains only to understand what factors trigger the launch of this process. The causes of bladder polyps can be divided into main and additional.
The main factor in the development of polyps is inflammatory diseases of the urinary organs. Inflammatory processes are always the result of the parasitism of pathogenic microorganisms on the mucous membrane. Damaging tissues and releasing a huge amount of toxins, microorganisms cause erosion of the bladder mucosa - the structure of damaged tissues changes, which can cause the appearance of a focus of a benign neoplasm. The most common diseases that cause polyps are ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, chronic cystitis, herpes and human papilloma viruses.
Young polyps of small size are asymptomatic for a long time. They can be detected only by ultrasound diagnostics of the urinary tract, usually by accident. The appearance of unusual or uncomfortable sensations during urination is evidence of a long-standing neoplasm and requires an immediate visit to a specialist.
In the vast majority of cases, treatment is only surgical. If the polyp is small and does not tend to actively grow, the doctor may prescribe drug therapy without surgery. However, such situations rarely happen, because patients already with severe symptoms deal with the problem.
With a large polyp, a surgical operation is performed to remove it - resection of the polyp. The operation is performed by electrocoagulation (destruction of the leg of the polyp under the influence of an electric current) and is performed under full anesthesia. After the operation, the patient is prescribed a course of medications to speed up the healing process of the mucous membrane. The recovery period after the operation is short, but for the next several months the patient is under medical supervision.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!