Among unpleasant and dangerous diseases, a special place is occupied by condylomas and fimbria of the rectum. In addition to physical discomfort and health risks, these diseases cause psychological rejection and complexes about their body. Benign neoplasms require immediate qualified treatment, since there is a risk of degeneration into a malignant form and the occurrence of rectal cancer.
Malignant pathologies of the perianal region, anal canal and rectum are relatively common. For their diagnosis, various laboratory and instrumental studies are used, the most informative and basic of which is a biopsy.
Oncopathologies of the anus and perianal region are more rare than rectal adenocarcinomas. Here they diagnose:
-squamous cell carcinoma;
A biopsy is performed during a proctoscopy. For this, a special endoscope is used, which allows the sampling of biomaterial during the examination. A tumor sample is further sent for research, which will reveal or refute the presence of abnormal cells, and also show the histological structure of the compaction or neoplasm. Also, a biopsy can be performed without a proctoscopy. This can be a fine-needle aspiration test or a pinch test, when a small sample is mechanically cut off from the tumor. Inspection and sampling of biomaterial can be carried out using an anoscope.
If cancer of the anal canal is suspected, a rectal examination, anoscopy, ultrasound, proctoscopy and biopsy are performed for subsequent microscopic examination of cells. If the formation is detected during anoscopy, the biomaterial is taken immediately. An anoscope is a device equipped with a tube up to 10 cm in length and optics. It allows you to see any anal tumors and polyps. The procedure is safe, lasts up to 15 minutes, does not cause pain, because the diameter of the device is about 1 cm. A biopsy with subsequent histology allows you to accurately identify the nature of the pathology and determine the tactics of treatment.
Treatment is to remove the fringes. Surgical intervention is carried out in several ways:
Laser excision of folds. The operation consists in removing the fringes using light radiation. In this case, local anesthesia is used. The operation is painless, the scars are barely visible.
Radio wave removal. This operation is carried out using special devices. Fringes are removed without marks or scars. The skin cells are heated by high-frequency waves, the tissues move apart and folds go away. Coagulation does not damage healthy tissue and is a gentle treatment.
You can safely begin treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!