Bronchitis is an inflammatory disease of the inner lining of the bronchi, which manifests itself primarily by coughing and respiratory disorders. The treatment of bronchitis in adults and children is carried out by a pulmonologist and an otolaryngologist. The main manifestation of inflammation is cough. At first it is dry, unproductive, then it becomes wet with mucus production. The mechanism of development is in the pathological inflammatory edema of the bronchial mucosa. At first, the swelling is uncomfortable, coughing, and can make breathing difficult due to the narrowing of the airway. Then the edematous mucosa produces an increasing amount of secretion and leads to an increased secretion of sputum.
Acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pulmonary tree occurs mainly in winter, when the body's immune defenses are weakened and it is easier for infectious agents to penetrate the mucous membranes. The initial stages are a lot like a common cold. Pathology can be suspected when a dry cough becomes moist with a large amount of sputum. It can be whitish or yellowish - this indicates a catarrhal form of the disease. A green tint indicates the beginning of an active infectious process and a purulent form. The chronic form of the disease has a long course with periodic exacerbations. They can be triggered by the same reasons that lead to the development of the primary acute form of the disease. The clinical picture in this case will also be similar.
Treatment of chronic bronchitis is aimed at eliminating the inflammatory process and improving the patency of the bronchi. For this purpose, sulfonamides and antibiotics are prescribed (in each case, the decision is made by the doctor). A good effect is given by inhalation for bronchitis. The course of treatment is twice a day for three weeks.
The first group requires intensive drug therapy, elimination of the inflammatory process. For patients in remission, as a rule, supportive measures and preventive treatment are required. Therefore, the medical approach to these patients is significantly different. The "intermediate" group in the hospital, as a rule, undergoes diagnostics to help determine the type of insufficiency (hypoxemic or hypecapnitic), and depending on the results obtained, patients are prescribed treatment aimed at optimizing the partial pressure of oxygen in the blood or eliminating the accumulation of carbon dioxide in it. Equipping the 5th Clinical Hospital with modern equipment helps to adequately overcome the problems associated with respiratory failure.
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