The main engine in our body is the heart - a pump that constantly pumps blood. When the heart muscle weakens for some reason (scar formation after a heart attack, rhythm disturbance, ischemia, the consequences of inflammation, etc.), the amount of blood passing through per unit of time decreases, and heart failure occurs. In other words, it is a disease in which the heart is unable to pump and distribute blood throughout the body in the right amount. The heart consists of 4 chambers: two atria, ventricles on the right and left sides. The powerful left ventricle pumps blood, then ejects it into the aorta, spreading it throughout the body. If the pumping function is weakened at some point, heart failure occurs. However, in the early stages, it is not felt, and it may take years before the first symptoms appear.
The first stage of the disease can appear decades before symptoms, so it often goes unnoticed. Basically, it makes itself felt in the form of rapid fatigue and rapid heart rate during vigorous activity. In a calm state, it does not appear. In the second stage of the disease, structural changes in the heart appear - the first signs of hemodynamic disturbances and blood stasis, which lead to an increase in the heart chambers. Symptoms appear in the same way as in the first stage. Hypertension can also be the cause of heart failure. According to statistics in Russia, 26% of people have this disease. Hypertension leads to hypertrophy of the heart muscle, and subsequently to CHF. Therefore, patients with this disease are recommended to undergo regular examination by a doctor in order to prevent the development of heart failure.
For chronic heart failure, medications (such as ACE inhibitors, beta blockers, and diuretics) are used. Medicines are used to prevent complications and improve quality of life. ACE inhibitors and beta-blockers can prolong life, but they must be taken regularly to be beneficial.
In addition, rhythm therapy (for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias) and implantation of a three-chamber pacemaker are used. The latter ensures the timely activation of the atria and both ventricles. A defibrillator is also often implanted as part of a pacemaker to counteract dangerous heart rhythm disturbances in the setting of severe heart failure. This treatment is also known as resynchronization therapy. Physical therapy is an important part of successful treatment.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!