Cholecystectomy is an operation to remove the gallbladder. With cholecystectomy, the pathologically altered gallbladder is removed completely by surgery.
The question often arises - is the gallbladder so unnecessary for a person that it can be removed painlessly? A healthy gallbladder is indeed an essential organ for digestion. During the flow of food from the stomach into the duodenum, the gallbladder contracts and 40-60 ml of bile is injected into the intestine from it. It mixes with food, taking part in digestion.
The main indications for the removal of the gallbladder are complicated forms of gallstone disease, as well as some other diseases of the gallbladder:
Mortality in acute cholecystitis reaches 1-6%, with the progression of the disease without adequate treatment, the development of serious complications is possible: necrosis and perforation of the gallbladder wall; purulent inflammation of the peritoneum (peritonitis); the formation of intra-abdominal abscesses; sepsis. The presence of acute cholecystitis against the background of cholelithiasis most often requires urgent surgery.
Choledocholithiasis occurs in 5-15% of patients with cholelithiasis, it leads to the development of severe complications: obstructive jaundice (blockage of the bile ducts with impaired outflow of bile); cholangitis (inflammation of the bile ducts); biliary pancreatitis. Concomitant choledocholithiasis in cholelithiasis requires an expansion of the volume of surgical intervention: performing sanitation of the bile ducts (either endoscopically or intraoperatively), with the possible leaving of drainage of the bile ducts for a long time.
Required examinations for the operation.
Before the operation, you must undergo a complex of examinations that will assess the readiness of your body for intervention and identify possible complicated forms of gallstone disease and concomitant diseases. The scope of examinations includes:
1. General physical examination.
2. Determination of blood group and Rh factor.
3. Express tests for syphilis, hepatitis B and C.
4. General clinical blood and urine tests.
5. Blood glucose.
6. Biochemical blood test (total protein, creatinine, bilirubin, liver function tests - ALT, AST, GGTP).
8.Ultrasound examination of the liver, bile ducts and pancreas.
10. Fluorography or chest x-ray.
Most patients after cholecystectomy are completely cured of the symptoms that worried them and return to normal life 1-6 months after the operation. If the cholecystectomy is performed on time, before the onset of concomitant pathology from other organs of the digestive system, the patient can eat without restrictions (which does not negate the need for a proper healthy diet), do not limit himself in physical activity, and do not take special medications. If the patient has already developed concomitant pathology from the digestive system (gastritis, chronic pancreatitis, dyskinesia), he should be under the supervision of a gastroenterologist in order to correct this pathology. A gastroenterologist will give you recommendations on lifestyle, diet, dietary habits and, if necessary, drug treatment.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!