Furuncle - acute purulent inflammation of the hair follicle, sebaceous gland and surrounding subcutaneous tissue.
It can develop on any part of the body that has hair, with the exception of the palms and soles, where there are no hair follicles. The predominant localization is the face, back of the head, groin areas, buttocks, the back of the forearms and hand. The most common causative agent is staphylococcus aureus.
Carbuncle - several boils, interconnected by numerous passages. The infection usually develops as a result of the ingestion of Staphylococcus aureus and can lead to significant skin necrosis. In the course of treatment, the patient is prescribed antibiotics, sometimes surgical intervention is required.
Symptoms with a boil
-The disease begins with a slight tingling sensation, changes in sensitivity (numbness) of a certain area of the skin, chills and a slight increase in body temperature.
-Pain, swelling and redness of the skin appear with the formation of a dense nodule up to 2 cm in diameter.
-Then, in the center of this nodule, according to the exit of the hair, a so-called rod (a piece of dead tissue) appears, which is gradually rejected, after which the wounded defect is cleared of pus and heals with the formation of a scar.
-With a boil in the area of the upper lip, nose, nasolabial folds and the bridge of the nose, there is a great risk of spreading infection with the development of purulent meningitis and sepsis. For 1 - 2 days, an inflammatory infiltrate is formed. The furuncle of the face is accompanied by severe edema, although the soreness may be minor.
Microtrauma preceding the inflammation, edema and redness at the site of injury. Pain in the finger, aggravated by movement, touch, lowering the hand.
In most cases, treatment is carried out at home (on an outpatient basis), but in severe cases of the disease, especially with facial boils, hospitalization in the surgical department may be necessary.
In the edematous stage of the disease, before purulent fusion of tissues, dressings with antiseptic solutions are used, according to indications, physiotherapy procedures. It is undesirable to use any ointments, as they promote suppuration.
With the development of suppuration, the basis of treatment is timely and adequate surgical intervention, daily dressings under the supervision of a doctor. Antibiotics are prescribed as needed.
Furuncles of the face threaten the spread of infection to the cerebral sinuses with the development of purulent meningitis and sepsis. Therefore, all manipulations with boils in this area should be strictly limited; early prescription of antibiotics is shown, it is better in a hospital setting. Restriction of talking and chewing, bed rest is necessary.
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