The presence of stones in the ureter is a variant of urolithiasis. This condition can develop in both newborns and the elderly. The age difference can only lie in the structure of the calculus itself. So, in the older age group, uric acid stones predominate, and in the young, protein stones.
The process of stone formation is often unilateral, but bilateral localization of stones in the ureters can also occur.
Urinary calculi usually form in the renal pelvis. They enter the ureter again with the blood flow. The migration of stones through the urinary tract is often accompanied by a severe attack of pain, which is called renal colic. Pain sensations can be localized in the lumbar and groin areas, as well as in the lateral parts of the abdomen.
The chemical composition of calculi can also be very diverse:
-Uric acid - consists of uric acid. Poorly distinguishable on X-ray images, but well detected by ultrasound, as well as by the results of laboratory urine tests. They have a flat surface.
-Oxalate - consist of calcium salts of oxalic acid. They are well detected when scanning with both ultrasound and X-rays. The surface is prickly, so the mucous membrane of the urinary tract can be easily damaged. Excessive consumption of oranges, tangerines, lemons, oxalate and spinach greens predisposes to the formation of oxalate stones. The situation is aggravated by nutrition with insufficient calcium content, because this element binds oxalates and removes them from the body.
In urological practice, the detection of stones in the ureter is not uncommon. The burdened heredity and dietary habits predispose to the development of this pathology. Considering the low quality of modern products and low ecology, almost everyone is at risk. Therefore, health should be monitored regularly - be examined by a urologist, undergo ultrasound of the urinary system and take a general clinical blood test. This will avoid serious complications, incl. renal colic.
Therapeutic tactics in the presence of stones in the ureter depends on their size and nature. Both conservative and operational measures can be applied.
Evacuation of calculi from their urinary tract.
Urate calculi are the only ones of their kind that can be lysed. For this, the urologist prescribes diuretics, a special diet and alkalinization of urine.
Oxalate stones do not lend themselves to lysis. However, if their size is not more than 4-5 mm (this is the diameter of the physiological narrowing of the ureter), then you can try to evacuate them from the body. To do this, the urologist recommends drinking about 2.5 liters of water per day, following a diet and promoting alkalinization of urine. The discharge of the stone lasts about a month and is accompanied by intense pain.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and your health!