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Diagnosis and treatment of chronic liver cirrhosis


Diagnosis and treatment of chronic liver cirrhosis

Diagnosis and treatment of chronic liver cirrhosis

Cirrhosis of the liver is a pathology in which normal cells are replaced by scar tissue. This leads to the fact that the body is unable to function normally. Toxins and bile accumulate in the liver, poisoning the entire body. In most cases, the disease is diagnosed in men of middle and retirement age.


The main causes of cirrhosis are hepatitis and alcohol abuse. Also in the development of the disease may play a role:

- autoimmune disorders;

- genetic disorders;

- chronic cholestasis (violation of the outflow of bile);

- blockage of the hepatic veins.

It is extremely important to recognize this disease as early as possible. At the initial stages, the symptoms of the disease are as follows:

- loss of appetite, weight loss;

- general malaise, headaches;

- aching pain in the right hypochondrium or in the upper abdomen;

- enlargement of the spleen;

- change in the size of the liver (both a sharp increase and a decrease);

- a sharp increase in the size of the abdomen (due to the accumulation of fluid);

- belching, nausea, bitterness in the mouth, flatulence;

- violation of the outflow of urine;

- an increase in the size of the veins on the anterior wall of the abdomen;

- change in skin tone around the navel (it acquires a bluish color);

- the appearance of reddish spots on the chest, back and shoulders;

- redness of the palms;

- in men: breast enlargement, hair loss in the armpits and pubis, sexual dysfunction;

- in women: menstrual irregularities.

Gradually, with cirrhosis, the patient develops jaundice, skin itching is possible.


The diagnosis is made by narrow specialists: a gastroenterologist and a hepatologist.

After collecting complaints and visual examination, the patient is sent for examination:

- blood tests (biochemical, for the presence of hepatitis);

- Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity;

- gastroscopy.

If necessary, additional studies are prescribed:

- radioisotope study of the liver;

- CT;

- liver biopsy.


Unfortunately, it is impossible to completely defeat liver cirrhosis, but if the disease is detected in the early stages, then it can be slowed down. With an advanced form of cirrhosis, therapeutic measures are aimed at relieving symptoms and combating possible complications.

Treatment of cirrhosis is complex, and includes:

- a special diet;

- antiviral drugs;

- hormonal agents (for autoimmune diseases);

- drugs that have a beneficial effect on liver cells;


In severe cases, the treatment of cirrhosis should take place in a hospital.

In some situations, surgery is necessary:

- removal of fluid from the abdominal cavity (paracentesis);

- shunting;

- Liver transplant.


To prevent cirrhosis of the liver, you must:

- take care of your health;

- timely treat diseases that negatively affect the liver and lead to cirrhosis;

- do not abuse alcoholic beverages.

Treatment of cirrhosis of the liver should take place exclusively under the supervision of an experienced specialist.

You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling-Med clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and in your health!

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